The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA) mandated in October 2010 that television content distributed on the Internet must also be captioned with at least the same quality as television versions.
OK, equal access to video via closed captioning on the internet is good, but the big questions have been – when and how?
Well, in April 2012 the FCC’s Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee (VPAAC) will deliver its final report to the FCC so the final rules will be added to the federal register of requirements later this year.
Video content owners will then need to meet new closed captioning requirements as soon as:
- 6 months: Prerecorded programming not edited for Internet distribution.
- 12 months: Live & near-live programming recorded within 24 hours of broadcast on television.
- 18 months: Prerecorded programming edited for Internet distribution.
- 24 months: Archival programming.
These new FCC rules will govern TV stations, cable systems, broadcast and cable networks that will be making programming available on the Internet.
Most important, virtually every video program producer planning to distribute video via the Internet (IP-video) will need to comply.
The new FCC regulations go on to stipulate requirements on hardware as well as new IP protocols for how these close captions must be delivered that were developed by the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE), which are far too complex to address here.
So here’s a list of resources for your team to research further and get ready…
FCC Releases IP Video Closed Captioning Rules:
FCC Adopts Closed Captioning Rules for Online Video Programming:
FCC Adopts Closed Captioning Rules for Video Programming Delivered Via Internet Protocol:
Latest FCC Report – January, 13 2012 (public publishing imminent): http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2012/db0130/FCC-12-9A1.pdf